Happy Holi History :
Holi is an ancient festival of India and was originally known as ‘Holika’. The festivals finds a detailed description in early religious works such as Jaimini’s Purvamimamsa-Sutras and Kathaka-Grhya-Sutras.Historians also believe that Holi was celebrated by all Aryans but more so in the Eastern part of India.Happy Holi History.
It is said that Holi existed several centuries before Christ. However, the meaning of the festival is believed to have changed over the years. Earlier it was a special rite performed by married women for the happiness and well-being of their families and the full moon (Raka) was worshiped.
Happy Holi History :
There are two ways of reckoning a lunar month- ‘purnimanta’ and ‘amanta’. In the former, the first day starts after the full moon; and in the latter, after the new moon. Though the amanta reckoning is more common now, the purnimanta was very much in vogue in the earlier days.
According to this purnimanta reckoning, Phalguna purnima was the last day of the year and the new year heralding the Vasanta-ritu (with spring starting from next day). Thus the full moon festival of Holika gradually became a festival of merrymaking, announcing the commencement of the spring season. This perhaps explains the other names of this festival – Vasanta-Mahotsava and Kama-Mahotsava.Happy Holi History
Reference in Ancient Texts and Inscriptions
Besides having a detailed description in the Vedas and Puranas such as Narad Purana and Bhavishya Purana, the festival of Holi finds a mention in Jaimini Mimansa. A stone incription belonging to 300 BC found at Ramgarh in the province of Vindhya has mention of Holikotsav on it. King Harsha, too has mentioned about holikotsav in his work Ratnavali that was written during the 7th century.
The famous Muslim tourist – Ulbaruni too has mentioned about holikotsav in his historical memories. Other Muslim writers of that period have mentioned, that holikotsav were not only celebrated by the Hindus but also by the Muslims.Happy Holi History
Reference in Ancient Paintings and Murals
Holi’s event finds a research within the statues on surfaces of temples. Money of Vijayanagar, a 16th-century cell toned in a forehead at Hampi, exhibits a memorable picture of Holi. The artwork represents his Queen standing amidst and a King maids waiting with pichkaris or needles to drench the Regal pair in water that is colored.
A 16th-century Ahmednagar artwork is about the concept of Vasanta Ragini – audio or spring tune. It exhibits a regal pair resting on the move that is great, while maidens are currently enjoying audio and spraying colors.
Certainly a large amount are of drawings and additional pictures within the temples of ancient India which give a pictoral explanation of Holi. As the leader is bestowing presents on many people, there is a happy party on, as well as in the middle is just a container full of water. Additionally, a Bundi miniature exhibits a master placed on the tusker and from the porch above some damsels are bathing gulal (colored sprays) on him.
Legends and Mythology
In certain areas of Asia, especially in Orissa and Bengal, Holi Purnima can also be recognized whilst the birthday of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (A.D. 1486-1533). Nevertheless, the meaning of the term ‘Holi’ is ‘using’. There are numerous stories to describe this word’s meaning, many notable of may be the tale related to devil king Hiranyakashyap.
Hiranyakashyap needed everyone in his empire to praise just him but his boy, to his frustration, Prahlad turned an enthusiastic devotee of Lord Naarayana. Hiaranyakashyap instructed his cousin, Holika to enter a raging fire. Holika had a where fireplace could be entered by her with no harm on himself. Nevertheless, she wasn’t conscious if she enters the hearth alone the benefit worked only. Consequently she settled a cost on her menacing wishes, while the elegance of the lord for his intense commitment preserved Prahlad. The event, consequently, remembers the triumph of the success of commitment as well as great over evil.
Tale of Lord Krishna can also be related to play with shades by making use of color on his beloved Radha whilst the Master began the custom of play with colors. Progressively, the play turned a custom and gained recognition using the people.
Additional stories are also linked to the event – such as people of Pootana and Ogress Dhundhi and Shiva and Kaamadeva’s tale. All illustrate success of great over bad – financing a towards the event.